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Deer Resistant Plant List

*     Deer Proof

**   Most of the time

*** Worth a try

This is a guideline for plants that deer do not like, or leave alone most of the time. The starred ratings are a guide to Show how palatable the plant foliage is to the deer. Be aware however, that:

 

1: Deer in one part of the country may eat what deer in another part do not

2: "Deer Proof" plants may have a flower that deer love to eat

3: Deer will browse almost any plant once or twice

4: Seeding plants may need extra protection until they are established

5: If there is an extreme shortage of food deer WILL eat "Deer Proof" Plants and will not be deterred by repellents

*** Apple - malus

*** Aborvitae - thuja occidentalis

*** Ash - Fraxinus Species

*** Ash, European Mountain - sorbus

      aucuparis

* Birch Betulia

* Cedar - Cedrus Species

*** Cherry, Flowering - prunus

* Crape Myrtle - Lagestroemia inidica

** Cypress - Cupressus Species

** Dogwood Kousa - cornus kousa

** Elder, Box - Acer negundo

* Eucalyptus Species

* Fig, edible, tc.., Ficus Species

* Fir - Abies species

* Fir Douglas - Pesudotsuga menziesii

TREES

** Hawthorn - Crataegus species

* Holly  - Liex species

** Horsechestnut - aesculus x carnea

* Katsura Tree - ceridiphllumjaponicum

* Laurels

** Leylandii - Cypress

*** Linden

* Locust

* Magnolia - Magnolia species

* Maidenhair Tree - Ginko biloba

* Maple Trees

** Mapla, Japanese - Acer palmatum

*  Mimosa (Silk Tree) - albizia julibrissin

*** Mulberry, Fruitless - Morus alba

* Oak - Quercus species

* Palm

* Pomegranate - Punica granatum

* Quince, Fruiting

* Redbud

* Spruce - Picea species

* Walnut species

* Pine - Pinus species

*** Plum, Flowering - Prunus

       cerasifera

*** Sequoia species

*** Smoke Tree - Continus coggyria

*** Strawberry Tee - Arbutus unedo

***Sweet Gum - Liquidambar styraciflua

*** Sumac - Rhus typina

*** Willow - salix

*** Pear - calleryana

** Abelia species

* Aralia - Fastia japonica

** Bamboo, Heavenly - Nandina

     domestica

* Bamboo species

* Barberry - erberis species

* Boxwood - Buxus species

* Broom - genista

* Butterfly Bush - Buddleaia

* Cactus

* Ceanothus "Julia Phelps"

** Cotoneaster, Parneyi

** Crape Myrtle - Lagerstroemia

    inidica

* Daphne species

*** Escallonia

* Ferms

SHRUBS

*** Firethorn - Pyracantha

*** Forsythia

* Germander - Teucrium species

* Grass, Pampas - Crotaderia selloana

*** Heather - Erica

* Hebe, Boxleaf - Hebe buxifolia

** Huckeberry, evergreen  - Vaccinium

    Ovatum

* Hypericum

* Liex species

* Iris species

* Juniperus species

* Lavander - Lavandula species

* Lilac, common - Syringa Species

*** Lilu of the nile - Agapanthis species

* Mahonia species

* Mock Orange, Mexican - Choisya ternata

* Mock Orange, Sweet - Philadelphus cor

* Oleander - Nerium oleander

*** Pieris species

*** Quercus

* Quince, Flowering - Chaenomeles

* Red-Hot Poker - Kniphofia uvaria

*** Rhus species - sumac

* Bear's Breach - Acanthus mollis

*** Rockrose - Cistus species

* Rosemary - Rosmarinus officinalis

* Sun Rose - Helianthemum

  nummularium

* Thuja species

*** Viburnum species

*** Begonia, tuberous

* Calla Lily - Zantedeschia

* Canna

** Cyclamen

* Iris

BULBS

* African Daisy, Trailing – Osteospermum

* Bugle, Carpet, Ajuga reptans

* Chamomile – Athernis nobilis

* Cinquefoil, Spring – Potentilla verna

* Fescue, Blue – Festuca ovina “Glauca”

** Gazania species

GROUNDCOVERS

* Green Carpet – Hermaria glabra

* Ice Plant – Mesembryanthemium

* Isotoma – Laurentia fluviatalis

* Lithodora diffusa

* Mint

* Moss, Irish & Scotch – Sagina

* Spruge, Japanese – Pachysandra term

* Thyme – Thymus species

* Veronica repens

* Vinca species

*** Viola odorata

* Black-Eyes Susan Vine  - Thunbergia

  al.

* Bougainvillea sp.

* Jasminum species

VINES

* Silver Lace Vine – Polygonum aubertii

  Clematis

* Wisteria species

*** Artichoke

* Aster species – not annual

* Basket of Gold – Ayssum saxatile

* Beard Tongue – Penstermon

* Bee Balm – monarda species

* Calla Lily – Zantedeschia

** Campanula

* Cardinal Flower – Lobelia cardinalis

* Christmas Rose – Helleborus

* Columbine – Aquilegia

* Coral Bells – Heuchera saguinea

** Coreopsis species

* Daisy, Marguerite – Chrysanthemum

** Daisy, Transvaal – Gerbera jamesonii

* Daisy, Gloriosa – Rudbeckia species

*** Daylily – Hermerocallis

PERENNIALS

** Delphinium species

* Dusty Miller – Centaurea cineraria

* Foxglove – Digitalis species

** Gaillardia

* Grass, Iris – Sisyrinchium species

* Herbs – Many Varieties

* Hollyhock – Althea rosea

* Iris species

* Lamb’s Ears – Stachys olympica

* Lantana, Trailing – Lantana montevedensis

* Linriope muscari

* Lupinus species

* Meadow Sweet – Astilbe

* Mint – Nepeta species

* Monkey Flower – Mimulus species

* Nasturtium – tropaeolum

* Oxalis species

* Plox, Moss – Plox subulata

* Pincushion Flower – Scabiosa sp

* Poppy, Oriental – Papaver orental

* Salvia species

** Sedum and Succlents

* Stoke’s Aster – Stokesia laevis

* Strawflower – Helischrysum species

* Sweet Woodruff – Galium odoratum

* Thrift – Aremeria maritime

** Verbena, Peruvian

* Violet, Sweet – Viola odorata

* Wallflower – Cheiranthus cheiri

* Wormwood – Artemisia

* Yarrow – Achillea species

Ayssum

Celosia

Cosmos

ANNUALS

Impatients

Lobelia

Lupine

Portulaca

Salvia species

Zinnia

Following are some hints for controlling deer. Their usefulness is limited, but may work for small areas and are best used BEFORE damage occurs, so deer don't get accustomed to eating there.

 

1. Fencing - At least 6 Feet high solid wood or 8 Foot wire

2. Dacron netting strung over plants - re-arranged every day to cover new growth

3. A radio lefy on at night

4. Soaps, such as Irish Spring placed on top of stakes scattered in the area you want to protect

5. Sacks filled with human hair or blood meal attached to the plants

6. Big Game Repellent - re-apply after a heavy rain and every few months to protect new growth

COONTROLLING DEER